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AQIDA OF SHIA MUSLIM

AQIDA (core principles) is the fundamentals of a religion

Aqida of a Shia Muslim in detail. Click here...

SUMMERISING ON AQIDAH

Usool-e-Deen (Roots of Religion)

Tawheed - (Oneness of God)
Adl - (Justice)
Nubuwwat - (Prophethood)
Imamat - (Guidance)
Qiyaamat - (Resurrection)

Furoo-ad-Deen (Branches of Religion)

Salat (Prayers)
Saum (Fasting)
Hajj (Pilgrimage)
Zakat (Poor Rate)
Khums (Wealth Tax)
Jihad (Striving fi sabilillah)
Amr-Bil-Ma'roof (Enjoin what is good)
Nahi-Anil-Munkar (Forbid what is wrong)
Tawalla (To love and respect the Ahl-ul-Bait and their Generation)
Tabarra (To disassociate from the enemies of the Ahl-ul-Bait)

The first unfortunate division.

After the demise of the honorable prophet, the Muhajir and Ansar divided into two groups:

Shias :
A group believing that God's messenger attended to the matter of appointing a Caliph making Ali to be his successor, who was the first believer after him upon the instruction of Allah SWT. This group constituted from a group of Muhajir and Ansar headed by the all the dignitaries of Bani-Hashim including a group of close companions such as Salman-e Farsi, Abu dhar-e Ghaffari, Miqdad, Ammar-e-Yassir, Mighdad, Khabab bin Arr among others. This group remained steadfast on the prophet's belief and were named as "Shia of Ali (a.s)" Of course, this title was given by the Holy prophet himself during his lifetime to the followers of the leader of the faithful. This was when he pointed to Ali Ibn Abi Talib and said:

"I swear by the one who possesses my soul that surely, he ( Ali ) and his followers are the winners on the day of Judgment." [Prophet Mohammad (s.w)]

The reasons and incidents due to which Prophet declared his succession to Ali Ibn-Abi Talib AS is given in detail in our Main_Article.

The Prophet(pbuh&hf), according to many unquestioned and completely authenticated Hadeeths, both Sunni and Shi'ite clearly asserted that Ali was infallible of any wrong doings and sin in all his actions and sayings. Whatever he said and did was perfect and true in every conformity with the teachings of the religion, and he was noteablly undisputedly the most knowledgeable of all men on the face of the earth, in all matters pertaining to the Islamic sciences and injunctions.

Moreover Allah SWT says,

"And We made them Imams, guiding (men) by Our command, and We inspired them to do good deeds, to establish regular prayers, and to give Zakat; and they constantly served Us (and Us only). [21:73]"

"And We appointed from among them, Imams, giving guidance under Our command, so long as they persevered with patience and continued to have faith in Our Signs. [32:24]"

Prophet's Hadiths
"I am leaving behind two weighty things, Quran and my Sunnah"
"I am leaving behind two weighty things, Quran and my Progeny"

Therefore, the Shia are a group of Muslims during the early period of Islam, who because of their belief (as per Quran & Hadiths) in the appointment (by a specific text) of the position of guardianship and leadership, were known by this name, and this very group is still on the line of executorships and following the prophet's household. They take Prophet's sunna from Ahlebayt as they assert that nobody could be most authentic narrators of prophetic traditions than Ahlebayt (Prophet's household).

Thus, the position & believes of Shia is determined in this way. Some ignorant individuals propogate, forge and try to present Shia creed in a highly deformed manner either due their sheer ignorance or due to some other private motives. Anything other than this is a baseless and false accusations with ill motives.

Sunni :
Another group believed that the position of caliphate is an elected one; therefore, swore allegiance to Hazrat Abu bakr and acknowledge the "consenses" that took place between few people. Whereas, the above verses instructs that the position of caliphate is decided by Allah SWT. The interesting thing to see is the son of Hazrat Abubakr (Mohammad ibn Abubakr) was one of the great follower of Imam Ali's and was with him through out. This group were later known as 'Ahlus-Sunna'. Thus two sects emerged immediately after the death of the Holy Prophet.

The position and believes of any creed is determined by Aqida or the core principles of the religon and not by 'dhaeef' Hadiths. 'Dhaeef' hadiths are there among Shias as well as Sunnis. There are so many Hadiths among Ahlus Sunna that undermine the position of the Holy Prophet himself. And this doesnot determine the position of the creed of Ahlus-Sunna.

Those people who declare other muslims as kaffirs are serving the enemies of Islam only.

May Allah's curse be on those who strive to cause fitna amongst the muslims and may Allah guide those who are misguided by these mischief makers.