AQIDA OF SHIA MUSLIM
AQIDA (core principles) is the fundamentals of a religion
Aqida of a Shia Muslim in detail. Click here...
SUMMERISING ON AQIDAH
Usool-e-Deen (Roots of Religion)
Tawheed - (Oneness of God)
Adl - (Justice)
Nubuwwat - (Prophethood)
Imamat - (Guidance)
Qiyaamat - (Resurrection)
Furoo-ad-Deen (Branches of Religion)
Zakat (Poor Rate)
Khums (Wealth Tax)
Jihad (Striving fi sabilillah)
Amr-Bil-Ma'roof (Enjoin what is good)
Nahi-Anil-Munkar (Forbid what is wrong)
Tawalla (To love and respect the Ahl-ul-Bait and their Generation)
Tabarra (To disassociate from the enemies of the Ahl-ul-Bait)
The first unfortunate division.
After the demise of the honorable prophet, the Muhajir and Ansar divided into two groups:
A group believing that God's messenger attended to the matter of appointing
a Caliph making Ali to be his successor, who was the first believer after
him upon the instruction of Allah SWT. This group constituted from a group
of Muhajir and Ansar headed by the all the dignitaries of Bani-Hashim
including a group of close companions such as Salman-e Farsi, Abu dhar-e Ghaffari,
Miqdad, Ammar-e-Yassir, Mighdad, Khabab bin Arr among others. This group remained
steadfast on the prophet's belief and were named as "Shia of Ali (a.s)" Of course,
this title was given by the Holy prophet himself during his lifetime to the followers
of the leader of the faithful. This was when he pointed to Ali Ibn Abi Talib and said:
"I swear by the one who possesses my soul that surely, he ( Ali ) and his followers
are the winners on the day of Judgment." [Prophet Mohammad (s.w)]
The reasons and incidents due to which Prophet declared his succession to Ali Ibn-Abi
Talib AS is given in detail in our Main_Article.
The Prophet(pbuh&hf), according to many unquestioned and completely authenticated
Hadeeths, both Sunni and Shi'ite clearly asserted that Ali was infallible of any
wrong doings and sin in all his actions and sayings. Whatever he said and did was
perfect and true in every conformity with the teachings of the religion, and he was
noteablly undisputedly the most knowledgeable of all men on the face of the earth,
in all matters pertaining to the Islamic sciences and injunctions.
Moreover Allah SWT says,
"And We made them Imams, guiding (men) by Our command, and We inspired
them to do good deeds, to establish regular prayers, and to give
Zakat; and they constantly served Us (and Us only). [21:73]"
"And We appointed from among them, Imams, giving guidance under Our
command, so long as they persevered with patience and continued to
have faith in Our Signs. [32:24]"
"I am leaving behind two weighty things, Quran and my Sunnah"
"I am leaving behind two weighty things, Quran and my Progeny"
Therefore, the Shia are a group of Muslims during the early period of Islam, who
because of their belief (as per Quran & Hadiths) in the appointment (by a specific
text) of the position of guardianship and leadership, were known by this name, and
this very group is still on the line of executorships and following the prophet's
household. They take Prophet's sunna from Ahlebayt as they assert that nobody could be
most authentic narrators of prophetic traditions than Ahlebayt (Prophet's household).
Thus, the position & believes of Shia is determined in this way. Some ignorant individuals
propogate, forge and try to present Shia creed in a highly deformed manner either due their
sheer ignorance or due to some other private motives. Anything other than this is a baseless
and false accusations with ill motives.
Another group believed that the position of caliphate is an elected one; therefore,
swore allegiance to Hazrat Abu bakr and acknowledge the "consenses" that took place
between few people. Whereas, the above verses instructs that the position of caliphate is
decided by Allah SWT. The interesting thing to see is the son of Hazrat Abubakr
(Mohammad ibn Abubakr) was one of the great follower of Imam Ali's and was with him
through out. This group were later known as 'Ahlus-Sunna'. Thus two sects emerged
immediately after the death of the Holy Prophet.
The position and believes of any creed is determined by Aqida or the core principles of the
religon and not by 'dhaeef' Hadiths. 'Dhaeef' hadiths are there among Shias as well as Sunnis.
There are so many Hadiths among Ahlus Sunna that undermine the position of the Holy Prophet himself.
And this doesnot determine the position of the creed of Ahlus-Sunna.
Those people who declare other muslims as kaffirs are serving the enemies of Islam only.
May Allah's curse be on those who strive to cause fitna amongst the muslims and may Allah guide
those who are misguided by these mischief makers.